Jun WangChongqing Medical University, China
Title: The Positive Aspects of Caregiving in Dementia: A Scoping Review and Bibliometric Analysis
Objectives: To identify key characteristics and a holistic view of literature regarding the positive aspects of caregiving (PAC) in dementia. Design: A scoping review nested bibliometric analysis. Methods: A scoping review was conducted underlying a five-stage framework by Arksey and O’Malley. Five databases, Pubmed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, EMBASE, and Web of Science, were searched, as well as reference lists. Data were extracted by two researchers, comprising article characteristics, type of PAC and measurements, theories, type of dementia and family caregiver, and keywords. Descriptive statistics and narrative synthesis were performed to analyze data. Network analysis of keywords and authors was conducted using Vosviewer software. Word cloud analysis of titles was examined by Nvivo. Results: The review included 232 articles, most of which have been published in the last decade (59.1%). Most articles (40.0%) were contributed by the United States. Cross-sectional study (41.4%) ranked first, followed by qualitative study (13.8%). Over a quarter of the literature (25.9%) focused on Alzheimer's care and nearly 90% included all types of family caregivers. PAC scale was adopted most frequently. Stress coping theory was most frequently used. Four clusters dominated by Casey D, Quinn C, Joling K J, and Teahan were identified in the network of coauthorship. Six themes were identified: current situations of caregiver experiences, antecedents, consequences, instrument development, effects of interventions, and concept. These were in line with network analysis of keywords and word cloud of titles. Conclusions: PAC in dementia have been widely concerned, but most of them are based on the theory of negative stress process and are limited to current situations. Building theories focus on PAC, subsequently developing comprehensive assessment tools and effective interventions should be further studied.
Wang Jun, registered nurse, 27 years old, is currently studying for a doctoral degree at Chongqing Medical University. She graduated from Chongqing Medical University with a master's degree and won a national scholarship. She is an outstanding graduate of the school and the master's thesis was awarded with excellent. Research interests in aged care, dementia care, caregiver support. Published 15 papers, comprising 4 SCI papers, 2 SSCI papers, presided over 2 projects, participated in 5 projects.